Situated 40 miles south of Mazatlán, El Rosario is one of the most faithfully-preserved mission towns in the region. The town’s crowning structure is its majestic cathedral, whose interior features a uniquely-crafted altarpiece bathed in gold. El Rosario, the native town of imminent singer Lola Beltrán, is rich with historical relevance in its ancient missions and colonial manor houses with colorfully-tiled garden patios and lavish interiors. El Rosario’s patron saint, the Rosary Virgin, has traditionally been celebrated every first Sunday of October in this town, which has received the honor of becoming a Pueblo Mágico.
Among its attractions are the church of Nuestra Señora de El Rosario, a baroque temple with a gold plated altar design and style dating from the 17th Century, and the Santa Cruz Chapel, which dates from the 19th Century. Among other must-sees in El Rosario and contiguous areas are the mausoleum, statue of Lola Beltran, the Octagonal Spanish Cemetery, and the virgin beach at El Caimanero.
The town of El Rosario, which has been granted the category of “Pueblo Señorial” while in fact it’s a small city or municipality, is ordered by the Baluarte River, El Rosario is located 64 km south of Mazatlán, and claims over 50 thousand inhabitants whose primary occupations are fishing and agriculture.
The area now by the town of El Rosario was once inhabited by three ethnic groups, the Totorames, Xiximes and Acaxes. The Totorames inhabited the region including the valley and the coast of Rio Piaxtla (Piaxtla River) to Rio De Las Cañas (Las Cañas River). The favored site, Chiametlan, is today the town of Chametla. These three ethnic groups are strongly identified with fishing, pottery and agriculture.
In the 1700’s El Rosario was the site of the ruling powers of California, Baja California and Sonora. El Rosario was regarded as a “shelter-city,” which accorded Mazatlán greater importance as a port of entry. In the 1800 ‘s Mazatlán became the port of entry for all minerals produced by El Rosario, Copala and Pánuco, Rosario then the most important of these three prominent mineral centers due to the large amounts of silver and gold it produced.
El Rosario was founded on August 3, 1655, with its name deriving from Bonifacio Rojas, who discovered melted silver in the morning residue of his previous night’s campfire. Marked by a rosary, gold and silver mining began at the site of his discovery, and with it the flourishing of this picturesque town.
Nowadays, El Rosario is included as a tourist site in most travel brochures. Among its attractions are the church of Nuestra Señora de El Rosario, a baroque temple with a gold plated altar design and style dating from the 17th Century, and the Santa Cruz Chapel, which dates from the 19th Century. Among other must-sees in El Rosario and contiguous areas are the mausoleum, statue of Lola Beltran, the Hacienda of Cocoyotl en Agua Verde, the Octagonal Spanish Cemetery, and the virgin beach at El Caimanero.
El Rosario is a short distance from Mazatlán, making it an attractive tourist spot in which visitors can admire the vestiges of the glorious epoch of an historic town. For your convenience, the local tour suppliers offer daily guided tours, which will allow you to enjoy these historic sites and natural wonders at the hands of an expert.